water filtration systems

Types of Water Filtration Systems

Water is a crucial element for sustaining life, but it may also harbor harmful impurities that can impact our overall health and welfare. As a result, numerous individuals opt to install water filtration systems in their residences or commercial establishments to guarantee access to pure and safe drinking water. However, what are the various kinds of water filtration systems and how do they function? Below is a concise summary of some of the most prevalent types.

Mechanical filtration

Mechanical filtration is a water filtration method that uses physical obstacles like sand, sediment, ceramic, or mesh filters to remove particles and impurities from water. It effectively eliminates suspended solids such as dirt, rust, sand, and silt. However, it cannot remove dissolved chemicals, metals, or microbes. Regular maintenance and filter replacement is essential for optimal efficiency, preventing clogging and loss of effectiveness.

Absorption filtration

Absorption filtration is a method that uses porous materials like activated carbon or activated alumina to trap contaminants from water. It effectively removes chlorine, chloramines, VOCs, pesticides, herbicides, and organic chemicals, enhancing taste and odor. However, it cannot eliminate minerals, salts, or microorganisms. Periodic replacement of the absorption media is necessary for optimal performance, preventing saturation and bacterial growth.

Reverse osmosis

Reverse osmosis is a water filtration method that uses a semipermeable membrane to effectively remove dissolved solids, metals, salts, fluoride and other contaminants from water with up to 99% efficiency. It can also reduce water hardness but may remove some beneficial minerals and affect pH and taste. Reverse osmosis systems generate wastewater and require adequate water pressure and electricity for operation.

Sequestration filtration

Sequestration filtration is a water treatment method that uses chemical agents like polyphosphates or silicates. It prevents scaling and corrosion in pipes and appliances caused by hard water. It does not remove contaminants but rather prevents them from reacting with metal surfaces. Regular replenishment of chemical agents is necessary for optimal performance.

Ion exchange

Ion exchange is a water filtration method that uses resin beads to exchange ions with water molecules, effectively softening hard water by replacing calcium and magnesium ions with sodium or potassium ions. It can also remove certain heavy metals. However, it does not remove organic chemicals, microorganisms, or dissolved gases. Periodic regeneration with salt or acid solutions is required for optimal performance.

UV light filtration

UV light filtration is a highly effective method that uses UV rays to disinfect water by eliminating bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms. However, it does not remove physical or chemical contaminants. A clear quartz sleeve is needed to protect the lamp from dirt and debris, and a reliable source of electricity is required for the optimal performance of UV light systems.


Distillation is a water filtration method that uses heat to vaporize and then condense water. It effectively removes contaminants such as dissolved solids, metals, salts, chemicals, and microorganisms. However, it also removes beneficial minerals and may impact the pH and taste of water. Distillation systems can be energy-intensive and generate wastewater as a byproduct. However, they offer highly effective water purification.

CGC Water Treatment & Plumbing is your trusted provider of reverse osmosis systems in Jacksonville, FL, offering the purest and cleanest water for your home. Our state-of-the-art Kinetico systems are designed to effectively remove impurities and microbes from your tap water, ensuring top-quality drinking water. Whether you’re a homeowner, business owner, or industry professional, we have the perfect system for you. Count on CGC Water Treatment & Plumbing for reliable, high-quality water filtration solutions. Contact us today for a FREE water analysis and start enjoying the benefits of clean, pure water in your home.

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